Dandruff on Face Treatment, Causes, Prevention & Home Remedies

Know all about Dandruff on Face

Seborrhea or Seborrheic dermatitis, otherwise known as face dandruff, is a skin condition that affects millions of people.

They exist in the form of patches of flaky and dry skin on the face, causing inflammation, redness, and irritation.

This dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis covered with dry flakes of white or yellow color may be oily or dry.

Face dandruff or Seborrheic dermatitis is caused by skin that is too oily, as well as stress, not washing your face enough and an overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus known as Malassezia.

Seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis(dandruff) is harmless, not contagious and rarest skin diseases.

It mostly occurs on the scalp, face, sides of ears, nose, eyebrows, eyelids, forehead, center part of chest, armpits, groin or buttocks area.

The condition is not related to noteworthy health complications, but it can cause discomfort and embarrassment when it develops on visible

Seborrhea(dandruff) may affect adults & elderly persons, it is more common in men than in women.

Persons with oily skin can get Seborrhea or dandruff frequently. Also common in patients with AIDS or Parkinson's disease.

Newborns may also get seborrhea known as “cradle cap", but disappear away after 6 months. It may also affect the diaper area.

However, the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis occur when the proportion of the pathogen among the entire microflora on the scalp is more than 83% and dandruff - when this value reaches 74% (normal Malassesia should be no more than 50% of the microflora).

Thus, dandruff can be considered as the initial stage of the disease, therefore, you should not take its appearance lightly and neglect the use of drugs.

Dandruff on Face

Dandruff on Face: Types of Seborrhea(Dandruff)


Fatty seborrhea(dandruff) 

More often observed in women, accompanied by neurological and gastrointestinal disorders. It is manifested by increased activity of the sebaceous glands of the face and scalp. 

The skin looks glossy, oily, comedones (on the nose or in the nasolabial fold) are clearly visible.

Depending on the secreted secretion, seborrhea is divided into thick and liquid.

Dense seborrhea, which is the most common, is characterized by the formation of secretion of thick pasty consistency. Often complicated by furunculosis, abscesses, acne.

Liquid seborrhea is accompanied by alopecia, seborrheic eczema.

Dry Seborrhea(Dandruff) 

It occurs as a result of reduced-fat secretion by the skin of the face and scalp. Common causes of dry seborrhea are unbalanced nutrition, excessive physical or emotional stress.

The main symptom of seborrhea on the scalp is the appearance of dandruff scales and a violation of the hair structure.

Hair during the development of seborrheic dermatitis becomes brittle, dull, dry, and excessive loss may occur. Dry seborrhea is often accompanied by itching of the skin.

Mixed seborrhea(dandruff) 

A feature of seborrhea of ​​this type is the presence of signs of dry and oily dermatitis on the skin of the face and head.

A mixed type of seborrhea has a number of common symptoms. The most common seborrhea is indicated:

  • Greasy shine
  • Dandruff
  • Increased hair loss
  • Discoloration of the skin.
  • Itching and peeling of the scalp and face
  • A change in the stratum corneum of the epidermis (thickening)
  • The formation of blood crusts at the confluence of spots
  • The appearance of pinkish spots with a tendency to peeling and fusion.


Dandruff on Face: Causes and Influencing Factors 

Researchers haven't yet know exactly how seborrhea or seborrheic eczema develops.

Dandruff on the face may occur due to improper functioning of the sebaceous glands, as well as environmental influences. Hence, this is encouraged by a combination of certain factors:

Yeast:

The yeast Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum ovale) colonizes the skin and is one of the naturally occurring skin germs.

This microorganism can presumably multiply particularly strongly in people who have an appropriate disposition.

The skin of those affected reacts with a pronounced inflammatory reaction that can cause symptoms such as redness, scaling and possibly itching.

Also Read: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Home Remedies For Skin Allergy.

Sebaceous gland function : 

Scientists have not yet been able to conclusively clarify whether there is a connection between an impaired function of the sebum glands and the occurrence of the skin disease.

But the glands, for example, increasingly occur on the scalp, forehead, and back-exactly at the places where seborrheic eczema develops.

Sebaceous glands form a greasy secretion, the sebum. It prevents the skin from drying out and keeps it supple.

Hormonal changes:

The skin can be influenced not only by the environment, the moisture or fat content but also by the sex hormones.

The hormone cocktail changes with age until this is properly regulated, flaky facial skin, associated with tension and redness, can appear.

Immune system : 

A weakened immune system appears to be related to seborrheic eczema.

Stress : 

People who keep getting dandruff due to their genetic predisposition often find that the disease worsens with stress.

Long-term tension, stress and anxiety affect our hormone levels and cause chaos in the glandular function of the skin.

Scaly facial skin, redness, and tension are therefore common symptoms of mental and physical stress.

Sweat:

The skin sweat due to high temperatures or the exertion of sporting activity. The sweat produced cools the skin. The sweat briefly loses salt and water.

These defects can be clearly seen in the skin in the form of tension and redness. Therefore, after sweating wash off the sweat from the skin and use moisturizing lotions.

Nicotine & Alcohol:

Excessive consumption of alcohol consumption and Cigarettes have a lasting negative impact on our largest organ or skin.

They attack the vessels and prevent the adequate supply so that the skin looks dry, pale and gray.

In addition, malnutrition usually goes hand in hand, flaky facial skin is not adequately supplied with moisture, vitamins, and minerals.

Weather conditions:

Wind, cold, heating air and humid, adversely affect our skin condition. All of these drying factors attack the skin's naturally protective grease film, making it brittle and dry.

Sufficient and appropriate care must be ensured, especially in winter, because the constant alternation between the icy breeze and dry heating air ensures that the blood vessels constrict and the skin is no longer supplied with sufficient nutrients.

But excessive sun exposure can also lead to flaky facial skin.

Water:

Too frequent bathing or showering with non-moisturizing soaps or pronounced swimming leaches the skin and removes important fats and moisture.

The cells crumble and are unable to compensate for the deficiency themselves. The result: flaky facial skin.

Climate: 

Climatic factors influence the disease. Those affected repeatedly report that they suffer more from dandruff in winter than in summer.

The moisture content of the air also plays a role. Marine climate and sunlight have a positive effect on the course of the disease.

However, other skin conditions can also cause dandruff. For example, psoriasis , neurodermatitis or bran fungus.

In order to differentiate the diseases from one another, the dermatologist often examines the entire skin of the person concerned for further changes.

If in doubt, a deeper tissue sample of the skin ( biopsy ) can be instructive, which is taken after local anesthesia.

Typical tissue changes are used to determine under the microscope whether it is seborrheic dermatitis or another skin disease.

Dandruff on Face: Symptoms

Local dandruff and increased sebum activity or seborrhea dermatitis is a common form of chronic dermatitis.

The facial skin is red in some places and covered with small greasy scales.

This particularly affects areas with an increased number of sebaceous glands, such as the nostrils, eyebrows, forehead, and hairline.

Examination of the scalp usually reveals greasy flakes on the hair follicles.

Seborrhea dermatitis mostly affects male adults between the ages of 18 and 40. But it can also happen in small children from 2 weeks.

In infants, the skin disorder is known as "cradle cap" on the face and scalp.

Some of the Signs and Symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis


  • White flakes (dandruff) on the scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard or mustache
  • Recurrent ear "eczema"
  • Oily scalp and facial skin with dry flakes
  • Facial rash over eyebrows, nose, Beard and ears
  • reddened skin;
  • Itchy scalp
  • Chest rash with dry flakes and red spots
  • Groin area or under the chest

Also Read: 9 Simple (But Important) points about Causes of oily skin

Dandruff on Face: Prevention

Seborrhea(dandruff) is a chronic condition that comes and goes, so it is difficult to prevent this disease. Just pay attention to both internal and external factors.

Since dry facial skin is often itchy and tempting to scratch, soothing care in the form of a cream or serum is essential to replenish the skin's moisture stores.

Active ingredients such as urea, allantoin, omega-6 fatty acid, and panthenol are perfect for hydrating the cells and strengthening the fat barrier.

However, the most important thing to prevent flaky facial skin is drinking enough, a balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Monitoring risk factors and proper skincare can reduce the severity of the disease.

Sunlight can stop the growth of yeast organisms that affect the skin, so staying outdoors and exercising can help the rash disappear.

Features of the Treatment of Dandruff on the face

Any skin changes characterize the degree and depth of disorders in the systems of internal organs and endocrine glands. One of these diseases is Seborrhea of the face and scalp.

Seborrhea on the face is a disease characterized by impaired sebum production and manifested by increased activity of the sebaceous glands.

Seborrhea is characteristic of adolescents and people aged 25 years. As a rule, the symptoms of seborrhea on the face decrease as a person grows older.

Only a small percentage of men (about 10) accompany the disease throughout their lives.

Sometimes seborrheic dermatitis goes away on its own. It can last for years, but usually, you can control it with good skincare.

On the face and body, keep the affected area clean daily with soap and water. Always be sure to apply sunscreen.

Often the best results are obtained from a combination of treatment methods, both medication, and lifestyle regulation.

If your seborrheic dermatitis does not improve, or if the area becomes painful, red, swollen or begins to drain manure, consult a doctor.

Treatments for Dandruff on Face:

Consultation with a dermatologist is crucial Only he can prescribe the appropriate treatment, which usually consists of local anti-fungal creams or dermatological corticosteroids.

In addition, dermo-cosmetic products should be used daily to optimize the effectiveness of the medication.

The face should be washed with a mild cleansing base then apply a suitable day cream.

Terbinafine(Lamisil) is generally recommended by dermatologist for treating face dandruff. Oral immunomodulators such as tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are also prescribed

Natural Remedies for dandruff on face

1. To a cup of curd, add powdered fenugreek, neem, and a pinch of turmeric in water. 

Apply the mixture of these coarsely ground powder types evenly on the face, hair, and scalp.

After 1 hour, rinse the scalp and face with warm water.

2. Hot oil treatments: 

Put coconut oil, olive oil, turmeric, curry leaves, neem powder in a cup, mix well, and refrigerate overnight.

When applying, warm the paste-like oil and apply it evenly to the face, neck, and scalp.

These antibacterial and antifungal properties are effective against infections and eliminate desiccation.

Also Read: 13 Amazing Benefits of coconut oil on face

3. Neem:

Neem is an excellent home remedy for yeast and fungal infections. Just taking a bath with soap containing neem (neem) extract will lead to any dry skin troubles

NOTE: Please conduct a patch test at least 48 hours before applying. 

This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace medical advice.